Objective This study aimed to evaluate the use of venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis for laparoscopic surgery among members of the Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO).
Methods A 23-item questionnaire was sent to all working/eligible SGO member e-mail addresses (n = 1356). Data were collected and analyzed using descriptive statistics. χ2 was used to determine differences in responses between groups.
Results Of the 287 (21.2%) responding SGO members, most (61.3%) estimated the risk of VTE for laparoscopic surgery between 1% and 2%. Most (51.2%) of respondents did not routinely use preoperative pharmacoprophylaxis, and most discontinued prophylaxis upon hospital discharge, regardless of benign (73.5%) or malignant (53.3%) pathology. Combination prophylaxis was preferred for procedures in the setting of intermediate- (50.2%) or high-complexity (78%), malignancy (70.7%), obesity (71.4%), multiple medical comorbidities (76%), or the elderly (64.5%). When compared with respondents of greater surgical volume, respondents who performed less than 5 laparoscopic cases per month were more likely to use sequential compression devices alone in the setting of malignancy (52.6%, P = 0.025). The omission of VTE prophylaxis was rare and varied depending on the patient scenario (0.7%–3.5%). When compared with younger respondents, those who were 61 to 70 years old more frequently omitted VTE prophylaxis in the setting of low-complexity procedures (22.2%, P = 0.003), obesity (11.1%, P = 0.021), multiple medical comorbidities (11.1%, P = 0.008), and the elderly (11.1%, P = 0.009).
Conclusions Among SGO members, the preferred method of VTE prophylaxis during laparoscopic surgery for several high-risk patient scenarios was combination prophylaxis. The use versus nonuse and the preferred method of VTE prophylaxis were influenced by respondent age and surgical volume.
- Venous thromboembolism
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The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
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