Objective We compared the prognostic value of volume-based metabolic parameters determined using fluorine 18 (18F) fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) (18F-FDG PET) (with other prognostic parameters in uterine cervical cancer.
Methods The subjects were 73 female patients who had an initial diagnosis of uterine cervical cancer and who underwent 18F-FDG PET. Various metabolic or volume-based PET parameters including maximum and average standardized uptake values, metabolic tumor volume, and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) were measured in primary cervical tumors. Survival analysis for disease-free survival or progression-free survival was performed with a Kaplan-Meier method using PET parameters and other clinical variables. For determining independent prognostic factors, Cox regression analysis was performed.
Results Recurrence or disease progression occurred in 23 patients (31.5%). In univariate analysis, patient age (cutoff, 57 years, P < 0.05), International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage (P = 0.07), primary tumor size (cutoff, 6.7 cm; P < 0.05), lymph node status on PET (P < 0.005), treatment method (P < 0.01), metabolic tumor volume (cutoff, 82 cm3; P = 0.001), and TLG (cutoff, 7600; P = 0.005) were significant predictors of recurrence or progression. In multivariate analysis, both lymph node status on PET (hazard ratio, 1.042 [negative vs intrapelvic metastasis only], 7.008 [negative vs extrapelvic metastasis]; P < 0.001) and TLG (cutoff, 7600; hazard ratio, 2.981; P < 0.05) were independent prognostic factors for predicting recurrence.
Conclusions In uterine cervical cancer, TLG, a volume-based metabolic parameter, and lymph node status on PET may be significant independent prognostic factors for event-free survival.
- Uterine cervical cancer
- 18F-FDG PET
- Metabolic tumor volume
- Total lesion glycolysis
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This study was supported by grants from the Samsung Medical Center Clinical Research Development Program grant no. CRS-111-17-1, Republic of Korea.
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.