Objective To evaluate the role of 2-deoxy-2-(18F)fluoro-D-glucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for selecting patients with extensive ovarian cancer (OC) for neoadjuvant chemotherapy by evaluating predictors of overall survival in patients with stage IIIC/IV OC.
Materials and Methods From September 1, 2004, to November 20, 2011, 514 consecutive patients with a pelvic tumor underwent preoperative PET/CT; 179 patients had stage IIIC/IV OC. Patients’ characteristics were collected from 153 patients with stage IIIC/IV OC who underwent primary surgery. In 152 patients with stage IIIC/IV OC, clinical predictors and PET/CT predictors of survival were evaluated.
Results Median age was 64 years (range, 38–88 years); 87% (113) of the 153 patients had a performance status of less than 2; 55% (84) of the 153 patients had PET/CT stage III, and 45% (69) of the 153 patients had PET/CT stage IV. Using univariate analysis, incomplete debulking (P = 0.0001), pleural exudates (P = 0.001), postmenopausal state (P = 0.01), WHO performance status greater than 2 (P = 0.01), PET/CT stage IV (P = 0.01), and large bowel mesentery implants (P = 0.02) were statistically significant prognostic variables. Using multivariate Cox regression analysis, incomplete debulking was the only statistically significant independent prognostic variable (P = 0.0001). Median overall survival was significantly longer in the 53 patients with no residual tumor than in the 99 patients with residual tumor (33.3 vs 25.5 months; P = 0.0001)
Conclusion Suggested PET/CT criteria for referral of patients with advanced OC to neoadjuvant chemotherapy are PET/CT stage IV, pleural exudates, and PET-positive large bowel mesentery implants. Evaluation of selection criteria for neoadjuvant chemotherapy should be promoted in prospective clinical trials, with survival as the primary end point.
- Ovarian cancer
- Neoadjuvant chemotherapy
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