Objective Our aim was to evaluate the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and psychological distress in patients treated with radiotherapy (RT) for gynecologic malignancy.
Methods Fifty-seven women with either cervical or endometrial cancer were prospectively enrolled. We assessed HRQoL at baseline (after surgery before RT), at the end of RT, and during follow-up (every 3 months thereafter) using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30), European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cervical Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire 24 (EORTC QLQ-CX24), and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale.
Results We demonstrated changes in appetite loss (P = 0.03), nausea and vomiting (P = 0.02), and role function score (P = 0.003) domains of EORTC QLQ-C30. Only the mean body image score of EORTC QLQ-CX24 was significantly different during follow-up (P = 0.02). Type of surgery, histopathological diagnosis, and the menopausal and marital status of the patients affected baseline body image scores (P = 0.032, 0.004, and 0.019 and 0.005, respectively). Patients who underwent chemotherapy had higher baseline body image scores when compared with patients without any chemotherapy before RT (P = 0.028). All the complaints of patients except body image scores improved during the follow-up period. The baseline and follow-up anxiety and depression scores did not differ significantly.
Conclusions Although pelvic RT deteriorated HRQoL in gynecologic cancer, patients’ improvement in HRQoL during follow-up was observed. Patients receiving RT could be reassured about the improvement of acute adverse effects in the course of treatment.
- Health-related quality of life
- Gynecological malignancy
- Psychological distress
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The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest.