Introduction To evaluate the incidence of anemia in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer receiving paclitaxel-carboplatin combination therapy (TC) using data from the Japanese Gynecologic Oncology Group (JGOG) 3016 trial, and to examine the effect of severe anemia on survival during dose-dense TC.
Methods Retrospective analysis was conducted in patients enrolled in the JGOG 3016 trial who underwent at least one cycle of the protocol therapy (n = 622). Hemoglobin values at enrollment and during each cycle of TC were collected. One-to-one matching was performed between patients with and patients without grade 3/4 anemia during TC (anemia and nonanemia groups) to adjust the baseline characteristics of the patients. The cumulative survival curve and median progression-free survival were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.
Results Grades 2 to 4 anemia was observed in 19.8% of patients before first-line TC. The incidence of grade 3/4 anemia rapidly increased to 56.1% after the fourth cycle of dose-dense TC. After matching, the median progression-free survival in the anemia (hemoglobin <8.0 g/dL) and nonanemia (hemoglobin >8.0 g/dL) groups was 777 and 1100 days, respectively (P = 0.3493) for patients receiving dose-dense TC. The median progression-free survival in patients receiving conventional TC was similar between the 2 groups.
Conclusions The difference in progression-free survival between patients with epithelial ovarian cancer with and those without severe anemia during TC was not statistically significant, but for patients receiving dose-dense TC, severe anemia seems to have prognostic relevance. Prospective trials are needed to investigate whether the optimal management of chemotherapy-induced anemia, including appropriate use of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents, would further improve the survival of patients with ovarian cancer receiving dose-dense TC.
- Ovarian cancer
Statistics from Altmetric.com
The authors declare that no potential conflict of interest exists.
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.