Objective: The aim of the study was to prove the surgical and oncological safety of radical vaginal trachelectomy (RVT) and laparoscopic lymphadenectomy for patients with early-stage cervical cancer who are seeking parenthood.
Methods: A database of 225 patients with early-stage cervical cancer and intention to treat by RVT after laparoscopic lymphadenectomy was prospectively maintained. A total of 212 patients were treated according to the protocol. The procedure was preformed in a standardized manner, and life table analysis was applied.
Results: In the cohort of patients treated according to protocol, 8 recurrences occurred and 4 patients died from recurrence. The median follow-up time was 37 months (range, 0-171 months). The 5-year recurrence-free and overall survival was 94.4% and 97.4%, respectively. Perioperative and short-term postoperative complications were rare (2.8% and 7.5%, respectively). No severe long-term complications occurred.
Conclusions: Radical vaginal trachelectomy combined with laparoscopic lymphadenectomy is a safe method for treatment of patients with early-stage cervical cancer who are seeking parenthood.
- Early-stage cervical cancer
- Radical vaginal trachelectomy
- Fertility-preserving surgery
- Laparoscopic lymphadenectomy
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The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest.