Objective: Ovarian tumors, both benign and malignant, often contain cystic lesions. Analysis of cytokine levels of this enclosed fluid may be a pure way to study cytokine expression to gain more insight in tumor-host interaction.
Methods: We analyzed the expression of cytokines in 45 cyst fluids from benign and malignant ovarian tumors and mapped the cytokine profiles for the different histological subgroups. The concentration of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, interferon γ, tumor necrosis factor α, tumor necrosis factor β, transforming growth factor β, and C-C motif chemokine 22 was measured.
Results: The presence of IL-6 in cyst fluid is correlated with malignancy. IL-8 was also expressed in benign samples, but the levels were significantly higher in malignant cyst fluids. Transforming growth factor β was only present in latent form in both benign and malignant cyst fluids. C-C motif chemokine 22 was detectable in higher levels in mucinous samples than in serous samples. IL-10 was not expressed in cyst fluid. T helper 1 subtype (TH1: IL-12 and IFN-γ) and TH2 (IL-4, IL-5) cytokines were similarly expressed in malignant and benign mucinous tumors. However, in the serous group, TH1 and TH2 cytokines were expressed in the benign samples but not in the malignant samples. In the high-grade malignant serous group, we found an inverse relationship between IL-8 levels and overall survival.
Conclusions: Our results suggest that the immunosuppressive state created by ovarian cancer is reflected in the cystic fluid within the tumor. Furthermore, our findings suggest that type 1 and type 2 tumors have a distinct immunological profile and support the dualistic model for ovarian tumorigenesis.
- Ovarian tumors
- Cyst fluid
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.
The authors have no potential conflicts of interest to disclose.