Introduction: Locally advanced tumors of the vulva represent approximately one third of all vulvar cancers. Therapeutic options include chemoradiation, radiotherapy, and neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT).
Materials and Methods: Analysis of 3 NACT schemes, bleomicine, paclitaxel, and 5-fluorouracil/cisplatin, used in patients with locally advanced vulvar tumors in a 12-year period. The following parameters were evaluated and compared between regimens: age, initial tumor size, inguinal involvement, histological type, toxicities, response to treatment, surgery performed after NACT, and overall survival.
Results: Of the 25 patients included, 10 underwent an NACT regimen with bleomicine (Group A); 5, with paclitaxel (Group B); and 10, with a combination of 5-fluorouracil/cisplatin (Group C). In Group A, there was a 60% response rate. Mortality was 70%, with an overall survival rate of 70%, 40%, and 30% at 12, 24, and 60 months, respectively. The mean (SD) survival was 46.7 (15.4) months. In Group B, the response rate was 40%, with an 80% mortality rate and a survival rate of 60% and 20% at 12 and 24 months, respectively. The mean (SD) survival was 17.0 (3.8) months. In Group C, 20% of the responses were observed and the mortality was 90%, with an overall survival rate of 10% at 12 and 24 months and a mean (SD) survival of 7.6 (2.0) months.
Conclusion: The best response and overall survival rates were achieved in Group A with the NACT scheme of bleomicine.
- Neoadjuvant chemotherapy
- Advanced vulvar cancer
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