Objective: Radiotherapy and/or pelvic exenteration represent the treatment of vaginal recurrence, but the prognosis remains unsatisfactory and with long-term complications. We investigated the possible role of vaginectomy for isolated vaginal relapse (IVR) in cervical cancer (CC).
Methods: Patients with vaginal CC recurrence were evaluated for surgical treatment consisting in vaginectomy. Data were prospectively collected and analyzed to identify independent prognostic factors.
Results: Twenty-nine patients with IVR from CC were enrolled. Early and late complications were observed in 7 (24%) and 6 (21%) patients, respectively. After a median follow-up of 57.5 months (range, 8-100 months), 16 patients (55%) were disease-free. The 5-year overall survival and progression-free survival rates were 70.5% and 59.4%, respectively.
Conclusions: In carefully selected patients, vaginectomy may be considered a therapeutic option for IVR. Older patients with long disease-free interval and small recurrences benefit the most from this bladder-sparing surgical technique.
- Cervical cancer
- Vaginal recurrence
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