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Vaginal Restoration in Survivors of Childhood Rhabdomyosarcoma
  1. Emmanuel Kalu, MRCOG*,
  2. Sarah M. Creighton, MD, FRCOG and
  3. Christopher R.J. Woodhouse, FRCS
  1. *Kingston Hospital, Kingston Upon Thames;
  2. Elizabeth Garrett Anderson Institute for Women's Health, University College Hospital; and
  3. Institute of Urology and Nephrology, University College Hospital, London, United Kingdom.
  1. Address correspondence and requests to Sarah M. Creighton, Elizabeth Garrett Anderson Hospital, University College Hospital, Huntley St, London, WC1E 6DH, United Kingdom. E-mail: sarah.creighton{at}


Childhood genital rhabdomyosarcoma is a devastating diagnosis. Treatment is usually rigorous, comprising extensive surgery often with adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy. This management is, however, increasingly successful, and survival into adolescent and adult life is becoming more commonplace. These young women will have sexual and reproductive expectations similar to those of their peers and will present to gynecologists for advice and treatment. This report describes the presenting problems seen in this group and highlights the complex nature of the investigations required and the treatments available.

  • Rhabdomyosarcoma
  • Vaginal reconstruction
  • Vaginal restoration

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