Total laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (TLRH) has been reported since the early 1990s. Although the acceptance of TLRH had been slow over the past 15 years, several teams throughout the world have recently reported promising results in the treatment of early cervical cancer with this procedure. Several modifications of the originally described technique have also been reported. From the currently existing data, these is no doubt that TLRH is technically feasible. Its operative safety profile is comparable to that of radical abdominal hysterectomy (RAH), and there exist sufficient data to suggest that the histopathologic outcome is also similar in terms of local radicality and lymph node yield. The duration of the procedure has become acceptable but remains still longer in comparison to RAH, in most series. It is now evident that with increasing experience, repetition, standardization, and incorporation of technological advances, duration can be reduced considerably and become similar to that of RAH. Total laparoscopic radical hysterectomy is associated with less blood loss, faster recovery and return of bowel function, reduced febrile morbidity, and a better cosmetic result. Nevertheless, shorter hospitalization in comparison to that observed after RAH is not consistently reported, and return of normal bladder activity is similar to that observed after RAH. It is also true that the currently existing recurrence and survival data are still immature to draw safe conclusions on its long-term oncological safety. Probably, the time has come for a multicenter randomized study between TLRH and RAH with participation of the institutions with significant experience in this procedure.
- Cervical cancer
- Radical hysterectomy
- Nerve sparing
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