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Postoperative Adjuvant Chemotherapy for Node-Positive Cervical Adenocarcinoma
  1. Nobuhiro Takeshima, MD,
  2. Kuniko Utsugi, MD,
  3. Katsuhiko Hasumi, MD and
  4. Ken Takizawa, MD
  1. Department of Gynecology, Cancer Institute Hospital, Koto-ku, Tokyo, Japan.
  1. Address correspondence and reprint requests to Nobuhiro Takeshima, MD, Department of Gynecology, Cancer Institute Hospital, 3-10-6 Ariake, Koto-ku, Tokyo 135-8550, Japan. E-mail: nobuhiro.takeshima{at}jfcr.or.jp.

Abstract

We examined the effectiveness of postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy for node-positive cervical adenocarcinoma. During the period from 1994 to 2002, 98 consecutive patients with clinical stage I and II cervical adenocarcinoma were treated surgically without having undergone any prior treatment. Surgical procedures included radical hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, and pelvic lymphadenectomy. Postoperatively, 21patients were found to have lymph node metastasis, and all were treated with chemotherapy in the absence of radiotherapy. All patients were followed up for at least 5 years. Recurrence developed in 9 of the 21 patients, all 9died of the disease. Six of the 9 recurrences were extrapelvic lesions. Five-year disease-free survival and overall survival were 57% and 67%, respectively. Recurrence was more common in patients with 6 or more positive nodes than in those with fewer than 3 positive nodes. These data suggest the potential role of postoperative chemotherapy for treatments of cervical adenocarcinoma. However, the effectiveness of chemotherapy alone in node-positive cervical adenocarcinoma was likely not as high as that in squamous cell carcinoma. Despite our use of postoperative chemotherapy in the absence of pelvic radiation, the disease recurred predominantly at distant sites.

  • Cervical cancer
  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Chemotherapy

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