E2F-1 is a downstream regulator of the Rb pathway and is a transcription factor that plays a key role in the control of cell cycle progression. Deregulation of E2F-1 expression and Rb pathway is involved in carcinogenesis. The aim of this study was to evaluate E2F-1 expression and Rb pathway alteration and to elucidate their correlation with clinical and pathologic parameters in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). We investigated overexpression of E2F-1 and alterations of p16INK4a, cyclin D1, CDK4, and pRb using immunohistochemistry and tissue microarray methods in 72 EOC patients. Overexpression of E2F-1 was detected in 45.8% of samples. The overall abnormal expression frequencies of p16INK4a, cyclin D1, CDK4, and pRb were 33.3%, 11.1%, 12.5%, and 38.9%, respectively. E2F-1 overexpression was not associated with alteration of the Rb pathway. E2F-1 overexpression was correlated with FIGO stage, histologic grade, and mitotic index; it was a valuable prognostic variable along with FIGO stage in the multivariated analysis. The results suggest that E2F-1 has a growth-promoting effect in EOC and that E2F-1 overexpression may provide a useful prognostic indicator for EOC.
- epithelial ovarian cancer
- Rb pathway
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