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Primary hepatoid adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix
  1. K. Kato*,
  2. K. Suzuka*,
  3. T. Osaki*,
  4. M. Itami and
  5. N. Tanaka*
  1. * Department of Gynecology, Chiba Cancer Center, Chuo-ku, Chiba, Japan; and
  2. Department of Pathology, Chiba Cancer Center, Chiba, Japan
  1. Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Kazuyoshi Kato, MD, Department of Gynecology, Chiba Cancer Center, 666-2 Nitona, Chuo-ku, Chiba 260-8717, Japan. Email: kkato{at}


Hepatoid adenocarcinoma is characterized histologically by neoplastic epithelial cells that resemble hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and produce alpha-fetoprotein (AFP). We describe a case of hepatoid adenocarcinoma of the uterus that, unlike any other previously reported case, was strictly confined to the cervix. A cervical biopsy demonstrated poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, and hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy were subsequently performed. Histologically, the lesion consisted of solid sheets of hepatoid cells accompanied with areas of endometroid adenocarcinoma. The tumor cells showed strong and diffuse cytoplasmic immunoreactivity with AFP in both medullary and adenocarcinoma components. Metastases to bilateral pelvic lymph nodes were detected 12 months after surgery. Since undergoing total pelvic irradiation, the patient has been alive and in full remission for 22 months. To our knowledge, this is the first report of primary hepatoid adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix.

  • alpha-fetoprotein
  • hepatoid adenocarcinoma
  • uterine cervix

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