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Results of chemotherapy for pulmonary metastases of carcinoma of the cervix in patients after primary surgical and radiotherapeutic management
  1. G. Panek,
  2. K. Gawrychowski,
  3. P. Sobiczewski,
  4. P. Derlatka,
  5. A. Danska-Bidzinska,
  6. L. Gmyrek and
  7. M. Bidzinski
  1. Department of Gynecologic Oncology, The Maria Sklodowska-Curie Memorial Cancer Center, Warsaw, Poland
  1. Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Grzegorz Panek, MD, PhD, Department of Gynecologic Oncology, The Maria Sklodowska-Curie Memorial Cancer Center, Roentgena 5 st, 02-781 Warsaw, Poland. Email: gmpanek{at}


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of chemotherapy of pulmonary metastases from invasive carcinoma of the cervix, which were detected after a disease-free period after initial treatment with surgery or radiotherapy. Fifty patients with radiologically proven pulmonary metastases were treated with chemotherapy. All patients received a platinum-5-fluorouracil (PF) program: cisplatin 75 mg/m2 and 5-fluorouracil 800 mg/m2 every 4 weeks. The overall 1- and 3-year survival after PF chemotherapy was 62% and 17.6%, respectively. The progression-free survival at 1 and 3 years was 36.7% and 14.3%, respectively. There were 6 (12%) complete responses and 17 (34%) partial responses. Hematologic tolerance was acceptable. Third degree and fourth degree leukopenia was diagnosed in four (8%) and six (12%) patients, respectively. Three individuals had third degree thrombocytopenia. In the multivariate analysis, the following prognostic factors were associated with poor survival: time to recurrence after primary treatment (P= 0.002), number of lung metastases (P= 0.016), and progression during chemotherapy (P= 0.001). We conclude that PF regimen is a safe and reasonably effective chemotherapy in the management of patients with pulmonary metastases after primary treatment for invasive carcinoma of the cervix who do not qualify for surgical metastasectomy.

  • cervical cancer
  • chemotherapy
  • pulmonary metastases
  • recurrence

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