Clear cell adenocarcinoma of the ovary has a poor prognosis due to chemoresistance and early metastasis to the lymph nodes. It also can result in endometriosis and is the second most frequent type of ovarian cancer in Japan. Serous adenocarcinoma of the ovary is another common epithelial cancer tissue subtype in Japan, and it is highly sensitive to chemotherapy. In the current study, we examined the differential expression of genes in these types of ovarian cancer and tried to analyze their functions, especially as they relate to chemoresistance. We used differential display to compare clear cell carcinoma and serous adenocarcinoma of the ovary. We identified sperm protein 17 (SP17) as a candidate gene related to the chemoresistance of clear cell carcinoma. Its differential expression was confirmed by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Because the function of the SP17 gene in ovarian cancer is not known, we examined the effect of small interfering RNA targeting the SP17 gene on the chemoresistance and proliferation of ES-2 ovarian cancer cells to paclitaxel, currently the most effective treatment for ovarian cancer. We found that this treatment decreased the chemoresistance of these cells to paclitaxel. Our results strongly suggest that SP17 plays a role in the resistance of clear cell carcinoma to chemotherapy without influencing their ability to proliferate
- clear cell adenocarcinoma
- human epithelial ovarian cancer
- sperm protein 17
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