The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of liposome-encapsulated doxorubicin citrate (LEDC) in patients affected by recurrent/metastatic gynecological malignancies scheduled for palliative chemotherapy. Inclusion criteria were proven recurrent/advanced gynecological neoplasms, measurable/assessable disease, adequate organ function, left ventricular ejection fraction >50% as determined by echocardiography, informed consent. LEDC was administered intravenously over 1 h at the dose of either 75 mg/m2 or 60 mg/m2 (every 3 weeks until disease progression or toxicity prohibiting further therapy). From May 2003 to September 2005, 36 patients were enrolled. Primary disease was ovarian, endometrial, and cervical cancers in 15 (42%), 11 (30%), and 10 (28%) patients, respectively. LEDC was employed as third- or fourth-line chemotherapy in 25 (70%) and 11 (30%) patients, respectively. The median number of courses of LEDC received was 3 (range 2–9). Six patients (17%) achieved a partial response to treatment lasting 27 weeks and 10 patients (28%) experienced stable disease lasting 18 weeks. The predominant toxicity was hematological, especially neutropenia. Among patients receiving a dose of 75 mg/m2, two (11%) suspended therapy for febrile neutropenia, and nine (50%) required a dose reduction of 25%. As a result, the next 18 patients were treated at a reduced dose (60 mg/m2) of LEDC. Severe neutropenia (G3–G4) was significantly less common in this group (61% versus 22%; P= 0.04). LEDC has shown antineoplastic activity in previously treated recurrent/metastatic gynecological cancer patients and the toxicity profile could be considered acceptable at a 60 mg/m2 dosage.
- gynecological neoplasms
- liposome-encapsulated doxorubicin citrate
- palliative chemotherapy
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.