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Good fetal outcome of pregnancies with gynecologic cancer conditions: cases and literature review
  1. F. Ghaemmaghami*, and
  2. M. Hasanzadeh*
  1. * Gynecology Oncology Department, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  2. Gynecology Oncology Department, Vali-e-Asr Reproductive Health Research Center, Tehran, Iran
  1. Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Associate Prof. Fatemeh Ghaemmaghami, MD, 2nd Floor, Gynecology Oncology Department, Vali-e-Asr Reprocuctive Health Research Center Vali-e-Asr Hospital, Keshavarz Boulevard, Tehran 14194, Iran. Email: ftghaemmagh{at}; valrec2{at}


Gynecologic malignancies frequently occur in women of reproductive age and are estimated to complicate 1 in 1000 pregnancies. Cancer diagnosis may be delayed because of difficulties in distinguishing symptoms from physiologic changes in pregnancy. Another problem is applying the standard workup in pregnant women. These reports describe the good fetal outcome of pregnancies in patients with vulvar and ovarian carcinoma. Patients underwent multimodality treatment, and their infants were developmentally normal. Vulvar and ovarian cancer is a rare finding in pregnancy. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment offer the best prognosis. Aggressive postoperative chemotherapy also continues to better the outcome.

  • chemotherapy
  • gynecological malignancies
  • ovarian carcinoma
  • pregnancy fetal outcome
  • vulvar carcinoma

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