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Phenotypic features with p53 alterations related to human papillomavirus and prognostic evaluation in cervical cancer
  1. X. Lu* and
  2. A. Feki
  1. *Obstetrics & Gynecology Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
  2. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland
  1. Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Xin Lu, M.D., PhD., Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital of Fudan, University 419, Fangxie Rd, Shanghai 200011, China. Email: xinlu{at}


Cervical cancer is one of the most common tumor affecting women worldwide. Human papillomavirus (HPV) was found to have a causal relationship with cervical cancer and its precursors. The interaction between HPV E6 protein and p53 was identified in in vitro studies. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of p53 alterations related to HPV infection and the prognostic significance of p53 alterations in cervical cancer. Studies were identified by a MEDLINE search, and all relevant articles were retrieved from 1991 to March 2004. The prevalence of p53 mutations is a rare event in cervical cancer. The correlation between p53 mutations and HPV or prognosis is controversial. Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of p53 is more commonly found in cervical cancer and is related with the prognosis of this disease. There is no significant correlation between p53 polymorphism and development of cervical cancer. The p53 mutations were not commonly found in cervical cancer. LOH of p53 may contribute to the progression of this malignancy. p53 polymorphism failed to be an independent prognostic factor in predicting the outcome of patients with cervical cancer. Further, epidemiologic surveys should be undertaken in larger populations and in different geographical regions.

  • cervical cancer
  • HPV
  • p53

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