The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced cervical cancer. Between 1992 and 2003, all consecutive women with locally advanced cervical cancer receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy were identified. Sixty-seven patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy: 34 had stage I disease, 28 had stage II disease, and 5 had stage III disease. Clinical response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy occurred in 61 patients, including six with complete and 55 with partial response; five women showed stable disease and one progressed. After neoadjuvant chemotherapy, 58 women underwent surgery, whereas the remaining nine received radiation. Hematologic toxicity was seen in 14 patients, with most of them consisting in severe anemia. The 5-year survival rate and median survival were 63% and 93 months. In univariate analysis, response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy, treatment after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, cervical stromal invasion >50%, and lymph node involvement were important prognostic factor responsible for survival. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery seems to be tolerated and active in the treatment of locally advanced cervical cancer and might be an alternative choice of therapy to chemoradiation. A prospective randomized trial with a larger number of cases is needed.
- neoadjuvant chemotherapy
- cervical cancer
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