The objective of this study was to determine objective response and overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) following cisplatin plus tirapazamine treatment in eligible consenting patients with metastatic or recurrent squamous or adenosquamous carcinoma of the cervix. Treatment consisted of intravenous tirapazamine, 260 mg/m2, followed by cisplatin, 75 mg/m2, every 21 days for six cycles. Of 56 registered cases, 52 were evaluable for toxicity. There were six grade 4 toxicities (anemia [three], dyspnea [one], neutropenia/granulocytopenia [one], and dehydration [one]). Fifty-three patients were evaluable for response, OS, and PFS. The 6-month OS rate was 56.6% (95% CI 43.3–69.9%). The objective response rate was 32.1% (4 complete [2 confirmed and 2 unconfirmed] and 13 partial [8 confirmed and 5 unconfirmed]). Higher response rates (16/34 [47.1%] vs 1/19 [5.3%], P = 0.0018) were observed in patients who had not previously received radiation-sensitizing chemotherapy, as were OS and PFS (13.9 vs 4.0 months, P < 0.0001; 5.3 vs 1.8 months, P = 0.01). The OS was considered too low to warrant further testing in this disease setting. Despite this, tirapazamine plus cisplatin was active in patients who had not received cisplatin previously. Prior use of radiosensitizing chemotherapy impacted response and survival significantly and should be considered in future clinical trials.
- cervical carcinoma
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W.R. Robinson is presently at Harrington Cancer Center, Amarillo, Texas. Presented at the 35th Annual Meeting of the Society of Gynecologic Oncologists, San Diego Marriott Hotel and Marina, February 7–11, 2004.