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Long-standing complications after treatment for cancer of the uterine cervix—clinical significance of medical examination at 5 years after treatment
  1. Y. Matsuura,
  2. T. Kawagoe,
  3. N. Toki,
  4. M. Tanaka and
  5. M. Kashimura
  1. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Japan, Fukuoka, Japan
  1. Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Yusuke Matsuura, MD, PhD, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Japan, Iseigaoka 1-1, Yahata Nishi-Ku, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka 807-8555, Japan. Email address: yusuke-m{at}


The purpose of this study is to investigate the side effect in patients who survived for more than 5 years after initial treatment for invasive cervical cancer. Between January 1984 and December 1997, 341 patients underwent primary treatment for invasive cervical cancer. One hundred nine patients who underwent medical examinations at 5 years after primary treatment were reviewed. The patients were divided into three groups: radical surgery alone (group A), radiotherapy alone (group B), and radical surgery with postoperative radiotherapy (group C). Dysuria was seen in 8%, and positive catheterized urine culture was noted in about 20% of groups A and C. Hydronephrosis was seen in 2% and 9% of groups A and B, respectively. Colitis or ulcer detected by proctosigmoidoscopy was noted in 15%, 50%, and 43% of groups A, B, and C, respectively, frequently observed in radiotherapy group (P = 0.0029). Lymphocyst was still present in 6% of group A, and leg edema was noted in 14%, 6%, and 15% of groups A, B, and C, respectively. Long-standing abnormal findings including urinary and bowel complications were presented in this study. Periodic physical examination after treatment should be performed because complications existed over a long time.

  • follow-up
  • long-standing complication
  • periodical examination
  • uterine cervical cancer

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