Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) is a member of the IGFBP family, which regulates the mitogenic and antiapoptotic effects of insulin-like growth factors. Hypermethylation of the IGFBP-3 promoter has been found to suppress its expression. To evaluate the role of IGFBP-3 in ovarian cancer progression, we examined the survival of 235 consecutively selected epithelial ovarian cancer patients in association with IGFBP-3 promoter methylation and IGFBP-3 expression in tumor tissue. IGFBP-3 promoter methylation was analyzed using methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction. Cytosol protein was extracted and measured using a bicinchoninic acid assay; IGFBP-3 was measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Promoter methylation of the IGFBP-3 gene was detected in 44% (104/235) of patients. IGFBP-3 promoter methylation was associated with disease progression and death after adjusting for clinical and pathologic variables. The association was more evident in patients with early-stage disease: RR = 2.87 (95% CI: 0.78–10.63) for disease progression and RR = 3.94 (95% CI: 0.91–15.78) for death. Tissue levels of IGFBP-3 did not differ by methylation status but were inversely associated with disease stage and residual tumor size. These results suggest that IGFBP-3 promoter methylation may be a useful prognostic marker for disease progression and death in early-stage ovarian cancer.
- DNA methylation
- ovarian cancer
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