Isolated recurrences of squamous cell vulvar carcinoma treated by surgical reexcision have excellent outcomes. There is a subset of these patients who develop multiple local recurrences that are difficult to manage and have a high risk of dying from their cancers. We reviewed women presenting with vulvar cancer (200 patients) to Massachusetts General Hospital from 1990 to present and identified 12 women with aggressive, locally recurrent squamous cell carcinomas of the vulva. The identified women all had successful primary radical vulvectomy and groin node dissections with negative surgical margins (except patient 2) and lymph nodes with no lymphovascular space invasion. Seven women had underlying lichen sclerosis. Eight had a history of vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia or persistent carcinoma in situ. Ten patients had greater than three recurrences after primary surgical therapy. One died of recurrent vulvar cancer 10 months after her initial diagnosis. Two patients died after three recurrences. The only unifying clinicopathologic factor among these women was persistent lichen sclerosis and persistent carcinoma in situ. Understanding the underlying mechanisms that predisposed these premalignant lesions to transform into carcinomas will help predict in which women these are likely to reoccur and may help determine which women require more aggressive initial treatment.
- Squamous cell vulvar cancer
- vulvar intraepithelial lesion
- lichen sclerosis
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.