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Favorable clinical behavior in young ovarian carcinoma patients: a rationale for conservative surgery?
  1. J. E. SARDI,
  2. P. ANCHEZAR and
  1. Gynecology Oncology Unit, Buenos Aires University, Buenos Aires, Argentina
  1. Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Professor Juan E. Sardi, MD, Gynecology Oncology Unit, Buenos Aires University, Pringles 1430, ZC 1183 Buenos Aires, Argentina. Email: sardina{at}


The objective of this study was to analyze prognostic factors and epidemiologic data in young women with invasive epithelial cancer (YWEOC). Forty consecutive cases were selected from our database, treated according to current standards. A control group with older patients (>40 years) was created using concurrent cohort technique (n = 114). Median follow-up was 95 months in YWEOC and 84 months in elder patients. They were grouped by FIGO stages, histologic type, and tumor grade. Oncologic family history was compared in both cohorts. Survival was calculated using Kaplan–Meier curves. Chi-square, log rank test, uni- and multivariate analyses were used for statistical comparison. Family history was obtained in 25 of 40 of YWEOC, and 7 had first-line relatives with hematologic tumors, while this was observed in 1 of 80 of the elder patients (OR 9.8; 1.2–74.7). Due to these findings, a <40-years control healthy group selected from the gynecology office was rated and when compared with YWEOC, statistically significant differences were observed (OR 39.2; 4.5–338). Tumors were more differentiated, compared to the elder group (G1: 68% vs 7%, P < 0.0001); stage I was more frequent (70% vs 19%, P < 0.0001) as well as mucinous and endometroid histologic types (P < 0.03). Survival was higher among younger patients (81% vs 35%, P < 0.0001) and decreased by decade, especially after 41 years. In advanced cases, optimal cytoreduction was more frequently performed, and survival was significantly higher. Multivariate analysis revealed that the only independent prognostic factor was residual disease in both groups. Age is not an independent prognostic factor for ovarian cancer but it has a different biologic behavior. An interesting association with hematologic tumors was observed, suggesting another pathway for ovarian cancer oncogenesis.

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