Telomerase is a reverse transcriptase that adds repetitive telomere sequences to the end of chromosomes, which is thought to be essential for cellular immortality and oncogenesis. The enzyme consists of three subunits: human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT), human telomerase RNA (hTR), and telomerase protein 1 (TP1). The hTERT subunit determines the activity of telomerase as an enzyme and is detected in most human tumors and regenerative cells. But many studies have revealed that hTR and TP1 are expressed constitutively. This resuts suggest that the hTR and TP1 subunits may be potentially good markers of endogenous RNA control. Endometrial dating was determined from the pathomorphology of the endometrium and classified into normal proliferative endometrium, endometrial hyperplasia (simple, complex, and atypical), and endometrial adenocarcinoma. The analysis of the expression of the hTERT, TP1, and hTR telomerase subunits was performed by a quantitative polymerase chain reaction method, based on fluorescent TaqMan methodology (ABI Prism 7 700 Sequence Detection System) capable of measuring fluorescence in real time. The aim of the study was an analysis of the expression profiles of genes encoding hTR and TP1 telomerase subunits in normal endometrium, endometrial hyperplasia, and adenocarcinoma forthe estimation of the possibility of once application in endogenous RNA control of gene analysis in the endometrium. The nonparametric Mann–Whitney U test and analysis of variance Friedman test were used to evaluate the variation in telomerase subunit mRNA level between normal endometrium, and endometrial hyperplasia and adenocarcinoma. The results confirm the hTR subunit expression as a good marker of endogenous control in quantitative analysis of gene transcription in endometrial tissue. TP1 subunit transcriptions have not been detected constitutively in our study.
- endogenous control
- hTR mRNA
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