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Evaluation of cytologic screening results of the cervix
  1. S. Yalti*,
  2. B. GÜRBÜZ*,
  3. R. Bilgiç,
  4. Y. ÇAKAR* and
  5. S. Eren*
  1. * Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Zeynep Kamil Women and Children Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
  2. Department of Pathology and Cytology, Zeynep Kamil Women and Children Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
  1. Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Serap Yalti, MD, Köftüncü Sokak, Kocatürk Sitesi, A Blok D:6, Acibadem, Istanbul, Turkey. Email: serapyalti{at}


The aim of this study was to evaluate retrospectively cytologic screening for cancers and precancerous lesions of the cervix and to research whether biopsy is overused among women with a cytologic diagnosis of atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS). We examined 28 469 smears obtained over 5 years. The patients were referred when the result of the smear was abnormal for a colposcopic biopsy, endocervical curettage, or a repeat Papanicolaou smear. The results of the screening of 28 469 smears are as follows: 699 (2.45%) ASCUS, 67 (0.23%) low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LGSIL), 43 (0.15%) high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HGSIL), 1 epidermoid carcinoma, 31 (0.10%) atypical glandular cells, and 1 adenocarcinoma. Histologic examination of the cervix was done in 119 patients (17.0%) of ASCUS, 13 patients (10.9%) of LGSIL, and 15 patients (12.6%) of HGSIL and cervical carcinoma. In the 119 women with histological examination, histologic examination was generally performed in patients with ASCUS neoplastic Papanicolaou smear, and histologic diagnosis of low-grade, high-grade, or invasive lesion of the cervix was made in 23.5% of women with ASCUS; in these patients, 46.4% were cytologic LGSIL and 53.5 % were cytologic HGSIL and cervical carcinoma. In the aspect of these findings, we concluded that for patients with a cytologic diagnosis of ASCUS, more aggressive interventions should be performed

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