The objective of the study was to evaluate the prognostic effect of p53, Her-2, and EGFR in borderline and epithelial ovarian cancer. Tumor tissue from 85 patients with borderline and 783 patients with epithelial ovarian cancer stage I-IV were analyzed immunohistochemically for p53 positivity and over-expression of Her-2 and EGFR. In the ovarian cancer (OC) group 415 patients (53%) had p53-positive tumors, 272 (35%) had tumors with Her-2 over-expression, and 483 (62%) had over-expression of EGFR. In the OC group the classical prognostic factors (older age, higher FIGO stage, and poorer differentiated stage) had significant prognostic value in both uni- and multivariate analyses. Multivariate analyses in the OC group proved p53 positivity to increase mortality significantly depending on the grade of the tumor. Her-2 likewise increased the risk of mortality significantly in this group depending on the grade of the tumor. EGFR on the other hand did not have any additional prognostic effect in the OC group after adjustment for the classical prognostic and molecular factors was made. In the borderline group Her-2 and EGFR over-expression in combination, adjusted for age and p53, significantly improved the prognosis.
- ovarian cancer
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