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The changes of gene expression profiles in hydatidiform mole and choriocarcinoma with hyperplasia of trophoblasts
  1. J. Q. Cui,
  2. Y. F. Shi,
  3. H. J. Zhou and
  4. J. Q. Li
  1. Women's Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China
  1. Address correspondence and reprint requests to: YiFu Shi, No. 2 Xueshi Road, Hangzhou 310006, Zhejiang Province, China. Email: shiyf{at}


The purpose of this study is to investigate changes of gene expression profiles in hydatidiform moles (HM) and choriocarcinoma and to explore causes of trophoblastic hyperplasia. Using cDNA microarray, 4096 genes were analyzed in two pairs of the tissues of HM versus normal villi and in two pairs of normal primary culture trophoblasts versus JAR cell line of choriocarcinoma. The expressions of two genes in normal villi and HM, as well as in JAR and JEG-3, were examined with the help of immunohistochemistry, immunoblot, and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction in order to confirm the findings of cDNA microarray. Twenty-four genes were upregulated and 65 genes were downregulated in all HM. Four hundred thirty-three genes were upregulated and 380 genes were downregulated in JAR. Forty-six genes were upregulated in both HM and choriocarcinoma, whereas 13 genes were downregulated. Genes associated with the inhibition of cell proliferation were significantly downregulated, whereas genes associated with cell proliferation, malignant transformation, metastasis, and drug resistance were upregulated. Thymidine kinase-1 (TK-1) and small subunit ribonucleotide reductase (RRM-2) were overexpressed in HM, JAR, and JEG-3. The expressions of TK-1 and RRM-2 in moles were positively correlated with proliferative index of trophoblasts. Our results suggest that altered expression of genes exist in HM and choriocarcinoma. Trophoblastic hyperplasia may be involved in the overexpression of DNA synthetic enzymes.

  • choriocarcinoma
  • differential expression
  • DNA microarray
  • gene expression profiles
  • gene
  • hydatidiform mole

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