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Common risk factors of breast and ovarian cancer: recent view
  1. G. C. Zografos,
  2. M. Panou and
  3. N. Panou
  1. 1st Department of Propaedeutic Surgery of Athens Medical School, Hippokration General Hospital, University of Athens, Athens, Greece
  1. Address correspondence and reprint requests to: G. C. Zografos, Associate Professor in Surgery, Alopekis 22, Kolonaki 10675, Athens, Greece. Email: gzografo{at}


Clinicians, epidemiologists, and public health specialists tend to examine breast and ovarian cancer separately. Although this seems fairly rational and expected, both malignancies are estrogen related and thus share many risk factors. In this review, we investigate the common familial, reproductive, anthropometric, nutritional, and lifestyle risk factors of breast and ovarian cancer. We believe that the parallel examination of the two cancer types could significantly contribute to an improved prevention of “gynecological cancer” as a whole.

  • breast cancer
  • ovarian cancer
  • risk factors

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