In order to elucidate the antitumor effect of photodynamic therapy (PDT) using the photosensitizing agent hematoporphyrin derivative (Photogem) and a diode laser, we evaluated the cell death of uterine cancer cell lines (CaSki, HT3, HeLa, and SKOV-3) and mice transplanted with TC-1 lung cancer cells. Morphological changes, MTT assay, flow cytometry, cytotoxicity, and tumor growth-inhibition study were evaluated at various time intervals after PDT. The results showed that the survival rates of each cell line decreased with time and dose–response after performing PDT. Also, PDT-induced damage of cancer cells was almost entirely confined to necrosis of the tumor cells in the early time courses. The irradiation of CaSki cells in the presence of Photogem induced plasma membrane disruption and cell shrinkage, indicating the plasma membrane as the main target for Photogem. In the experiment in vivo, the time courses of Photogem with irradiation showed significantly longer survival and a significantly smaller tumor size compared to those in the untreated control groups, and resorption of the tumor after PDT treatment was observed. Collectively, our results indicated that Photogem possesses tumor-specific affinity, and necrosis-like death with plasma membrane damage was postulated to be the principal mechanism of the antitumor effect of PDT using Photogem.
- cervical neoplasia
- photodynamic therapy
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.