The case histories of 95 patients with endometrial carcinoma treated between July 1998 and December 2002 were reviewed. These patients were staged according to FIGO classification and included peritoneal cytology, total abdominal hysterectomy/bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (TAHBSO), and pelvic with or without para-aortic lymphadenectomy. The FIGO surgical stages were as follow: IA, 9 (9.5%); IB, 35 (36.8%); IC, 16 (16.8%); IIB, 10 (10.5%); IIIA, 5 (5.3%); IIIB, 1 (1.1%); IIIC, 19 (20.0%). In addition to TAHBSO, 47 (49.5%) patients had pelvic lymphadenectomy whereas 48 (50.5%) had both pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy. Nineteen (20.0%) of 95 patients had nodal metastases. Positive pelvic and para-aortic lymph nodes were found in 15 (15.8%) of 95 and 12 (25.0%) of 48 patients, respectively. According to the result of the lymphadenectomy, 19 (20.0%) patients had their surgical stage upgraded to stage IIIC and 61 (64.2%) patients had a change in their management plan. Twelve (12.6%) patients required extended field irradiation due to para-aortic nodal metastases and 49 (51.6%) patients with negative nodes avoided postoperative external radiotherapy. By defining the lymphatic spread via surgical staging, postoperative radiotherapy can be recommended to patients with nodal metastases, while it can be withheld from those patients with negative nodes, irrespective of the presence of risk factors.
- endometrial adenocarcinoma
- para-aortic lymphadenectomy
- pelvic lymphadenectomy
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