This phase II study evaluated the activity and toxicity of gemcitabine plus cisplatin as first-line treatment of patients with advanced ovarian cancer. Chemonaive patients ≥60-year-old with FIGO stage IIIC or IV epithelial ovarian carcinoma were enrolled. Patients received cisplatin 75 mg/m2 on day 1 and gemcitabine 1250 mg/m2 on day 1 (before cisplatin) and day 8 of a 21-day cycle. Of 44 female patients (median age, 70 years), 72.7% had stage IIIC disease and 67.4% had a Karnofsky performance status ≥80. Of the 37 response-evaluable patients (35 with measurable lesion[s] ≥2 cm), there were seven (18.9%) pathologic complete responses, two (5.4%) pathologic partial responses, two (5.4%) clinical complete responses, and 12 (32.4%) clinical partial responses, for an overall response rate of 62.2% (95% CI, 44.8%–77.5%), and a pathologic response rate of 24.3% (95% CI, 11.8%–41.2%). Median survival was 27.7 months (95% CI, 14.3–40.8 months). Grade 3/4 neutropenia and thrombocytopenia occurred in 59.5% and 30.2% of patients, respectively, with neutropenic fever in one patient. Grade 3 nausea /vomiting and alopecia occurred in 25.6% and 9.5% of patients, respectively. We conclude that gemcitabine plus cisplatin is active and feasible as first-line treatment of advanced epithelial ovarian cancer in patients ≥60 years. Further clinical trials adding gemcitabine to current standard, first-line treatment seem warranted in younger as well as older patients.
- ovarian cancer
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Funded by Eli Lilly and Company.
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