Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Immunohistochemical expression of p53, bcl-2, and p21WAF1/CIP1 in early cervical carcinoma: Correlation with clinical outcome
  1. M Graflund1,
  2. B Sorbe1 and
  3. M Karlsson2
  1. 1 Departments of Gynecological Oncology and
  2. 2 Pathology, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden


Abstract. Graflund M, Sorbe B, Karlsson M. Immunohistochemical expression of p53, bcl-2, and p21 WAF1/CIP1 in early cervical carcinoma: Correlation with clinical outcome.

The objective of this study was to assess the value of p53, bcl-2, and p21WAF1/CIP1 immunoreactivity as predictors of pelvic lymph node metastases (LNM), recurrences, and death due to the disease in early stage (FIGO I-II) cervical carcinomas. FIGO stage, type of histopathology, and tumor grade were also evaluated in this series of patients treated by radical hysterectomy (Wertheim-Meigs) between 1965 and 1990. A total of 172 patients were included. A tumor was regarded as positive when more than 30% of the neoplastic cells exhibited immunoreactivity. Positive immunostaining was found in 8.9% for p53, in 43.5% for bcl-2, and in 25.0% for p21WAF1/CIP1. None of them was able to predict LNM or clinical outcome. Presence of LNM, tumor recurrence, and death from disease were significantly associated with the FIGO stage (P = 0.014, P = 0.009, and P = 0.001, respectively). The 5-year cancer-specific survival rate was 91.6% and the overall survival rate was 90.5%. It was concluded that immunohistochemically detected p53, bcl-2, and p21WAF1/CIP1 appeared to be of no predictive value with regard to LNM, tumor recurrences, or long-term survival in early cervical carcinomas.

  • bcl-2
  • cervical cancer
  • immunohistochemistry
  • p21WAF1/CIP1
  • p53

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.