Abstract. Nordström B, Einhorn N, Silfverswärd C, Sjövall K, Tryggvason K, Auer G. Laminin-5 γ 2 chain as an invasivity marker for uni- and multifocal lesions in the lower anogenital tract.
During recent decades it has become apparent that there are two types of vulvar disease: the classic type found in elderly women with unicentric and unifocal lesions, and the type found in younger women, in which precancerous and invasive changes develop in the anogenital lower tract in a multicentric and multifocal fashion, often over a long period of observation.
The laminin-5 γ 2 chain is an extracellular protein that is a component of the basement membrane. Recently its expression has been recognized as a marker in cervical cancer that permits identification of invasive capacity.
The aim of our study was to determine if laminin-5 γ 2 chain antibody can act as a sensitivity marker of invasive capacity in precancerous and invasive carcinoma in women with uni- and multifocal changes in the anogenital tract. The result showed that all patients in the older group of women with invasive carcinoma of the vulva had moderate to high positive expression of the laminin-5 γ 2 chain. In the group of younger patients with multifocal precancerous changes observed over long periods, most of the patients with vulva intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN) 3 showed laminin-5 γ 2 chain positivity already in the precancerous changes, and all of them developed invasivity during the period of observation. Normal epithelium without atypia was mostly negative or of low immunoreactivity of laminin-5. In conclusion, positive laminin-5 γ 2 chain expression seems to indicate the invasiveness potential of precancerous lesions and is also expressed in all investigated invasive carcinomas of the anogenital tract.
- laminin-5 γ 2 chain
- vulva carcinoma
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