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Type III radical hysterectomy after induction chemotherapy for patients with locally advanced cervical carcinoma
  1. C. Lopez-Graniel1,
  2. M. Reyes1,
  3. G. Chanona1,
  4. A. Gonzalez1,
  5. E. Robles1,
  6. A. Mohar1,2,
  7. H. Lopez-Basave1,
  8. J. G. De La Garza1 and
  9. A. Dueñas-Gonzalez1,2
  1. 1Departments of Gynecology, Pathology and Basic Research, Instituto Nacional de Cancerología; and
  2. 2Departamento de Postgrado y Educación Médica, Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas, UNAM, México, D.F.
  1. Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Carlos M. Lopez-Graniel, MD, Instituto Nacional de Cancerología, Departamento de Postgrado y Educación Médica, San Fernando 22, Tlalpan 14080. México, D.F. E-mail: Lgraniel{at}


Neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery is a promising approach in locally advanced cervical carcinoma. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility, technical aspects, and clinical results of surgery after induction chemotherapy in this patient population. Forty-one untreated cervical carcinoma patients staged as IB2 to IIIB received three 21-day courses of cisplatin 100mg/m2 on day 1 and gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 on days 1 and 8 followed by surgery or concomitant chemoradiation. The response to chemotherapy, operability, surgical/pathological findings, disease-free period, and survival of the surgically treated patients were evaluated. All 41 patients were evaluated for toxicity and 40 were evaluated for response. The overall objective response rate was 95% (95% confidence interval 88%–100%), and was complete in three patients (7.5%) and partial in 35 (87.5%). Granulocytopenia grades 3/4 occurred in 13.8% and 3.4% of the courses, respectively, whereas nonhematological toxicity was mild. Twenty-three patients underwent type III radical hysterectomy. Mean duration of surgery was 3.8 h (range 2:30–5:20), median estimated blood loss was 670 ml and median hospital stay was 5.2 days. Intraoperative complications occurred in one case (venous injury). In all but one case the resection margins were negative. Four patients (17%) had positive nodes (one node each); six (26%) had complete pathologic response, three (13%) had microscopic; and 14 (60%) macroscopic residual disease. At 24 months of maximum follow-up (median 20), the disease-free and overall survival rates were 59% and 91%, respectively. Induction chemotherapy with cisplatin/gemcitabine produced a high response rate and did not increase the difficulty of surgery. Operating time, blood loss, intraoperative complications, and hospital stay were all within the range observed for type III hysterectomy in early stage patients. We therefore conclude that type III radical hysterectomy is feasible in locally advanced cervical cancer patients who respond to chemotherapy.

  • cervical carcinoma
  • hysterectomy
  • induction chemotherapy

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