The present study was undertaken in the Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bangalore between October 1998 and July 1999. One hundred and forty three consecutive patients with various gynecological malignancies undergoing pelvic ± aorto-caval lymphadenectomy as part of definitive surgical procedures, were analyzed. Sixty nine patients had closed suction retroperitoneal pelvic drainage (Group A) and 74 patients had no suction drainage and no pelvic reperitonealization (Group B). The mean postoperative hospitalization was 10 days in both groups. Six patients in Group A and four patients in Group B developed paralytic ileus which responded to conservative line of management. Five patients in Group A and two patients in Group B developed lymphocysts (P > 0.05). The present study demonstrates that closed suction retroperitoneal pelvic drainage following pelvic + aorto-caval lymphadenectomy confers no advantage over no drainage & no pelvic reperitonealization. The partial closure of pelvic peritoneum with no drainage was associated with increased lymphocyst formation (7/25 cases, 28%) during the period immediately before this modified study was undertaken.
- closed suction pelvic drainage
- pelvic reperitonealization
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