The aim of this study was to investigate therapeutic efficacy of adenovirus-mediated E1a gene therapy for ovarian cancer in vitro and in vivo. Recombinant replication-deficient adenoviral vectors were prepared by superinfection of 293 cells, and then purified. The efficacy of the adenovirus vector system to infect ovarian cells was tested using different multiplicity of infection (MOI) and different times (1–4) of Ad.RSVlacZ. SKOV-3 cells (103 per well) were infected once with 2 × 104 adenovirus. The cells were harvested and counted on different days for 7 days to generate the in vitro growth curve. Tumor-bearing mice were injected intraperitoneally with ovarian cancer cells and treated by intraperitoneal injection of 100 μl (2.5 × 108 PFU) viral solution containing either replication-deficient Ad.E1a+; control virus Ad.E1a− which is the same adenovirus as Ad.E1a+ except for E1a deletion, or just phosphate buffered solution. The transduction efficacy increased with higher MOI and reached a plateau at the 20:1 ratio. When Ad.E1a+ was used to transduce the HER-2/neu overexpressing human ovarian cancer cell line SKOV-3, tumor cell growth in vitro was greatly inhibited by E1a transduction. Also, Ad.E1a+ greatly inhibited tumor growth of SKOV-3-bearing mice. Immunohistochemistry analysis indicated that Ad.E1a protein was expressed in tumor tissue and expression of HER-2/neu p185 protein was suppressed. Very strong β–gal staining was detected in tumors, and β–gal activity in small intestine, lung, heart, stomach, liver, and kidney was detected. No β–gal activity was detected in the tumor and other organs in control mice injected with Ad.E1a− or PBS. Adenovirus-type 5 E1a gene can efficaciously inhibit HER-2/neu-overexpressing ovarian cancer, and this promising procedure could greatly benefit ovarian cancer patients with high expression of HER-2/neu.
- adenoviral vector; E1a; gene therapy
- ovarian cancer
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.